Successive rulers, however short their period of rule, each left a lasting and specific impression which makes the island so attractive and interesting to explore today.
Neolithic findings on ceramic shards, including the earliest European depiction of a boat, in the Markova and Grapčeva caves attest to the presence of inhabitants in the prehistoric era. Later the island was inhabited by the Illyrians who fought the Greeks when the latter began to colonize the island in the 4th century. In 385 B.C. Ionian Greeks founded the town of Pharos, today Starigrad, and sub-divided the fields around the town – one of the only remains of Greek land partition which remains documented in the world.